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王喜.马克思共同体思想的逻辑进路[J].重庆邮电大学学报(社会科学版),2017,(4):19-24 本文二维码信息
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马克思共同体思想的逻辑进路
The Logical Approach of Marx’s Thought of Community
投稿时间:2017-02-18  
DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1673-8268.2017.04.003
中文关键词:  共同体思想  现实的人  市民社会  自由人联合体
English Keywords:thought of community  real man  civil society  community of freeman
基金项目:国家社会科学基金项目:当代中国社会分化的文化整合研究(16BKS068);广东医科大学面上培育项目:马克思的共同体思想研究(M2014061)
作者单位
王喜 广东医科大学 马克思主义学院,广东 东莞 523808 
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中文摘要:
      马克思共同体思想是马克思关切人的存在?探究社会发展的理论结晶?共同体是人的集合,直接或间接从事物质资料生产?处于一定交往关系并不断发展的“现实的人”是马克思共同体思想的逻辑起点。马克思从人的实践性?社会性?发展性出发,立足人的生存状况?社会交往形式以及所有制关系对市民社会中人的异化现实进行了反思,揭示了市民社会中人与物的价值倒错?私有财产的二重性?分工的片面固化?自由平等人权的虚假本质?基于对市民社会从人本维度?辩证维度?生成维度到价值维度的批判,马克思将其共同体思想的逻辑归宿指向了“人的自由全面发展”,并指出消除强制分工的异己束缚?以社会所有制扬弃资本主义私有制的“自由人联合体”是实现人的自由全面发展的外在依托。
English Summary:
      Marx’s thought of community is the theoretical accomplishment on the existence of human beings and the development of societies. Communities are the combination of people and the “Real Man” who is directly or indirectly engaged in material production, involved in certain social connections and continuous development is the logical starting point of Marx’s thought of community. From the perspectives of practicality, sociality and development of human nature, Marx had a profound rethought of human alienation in the civil society on the basis of the state of human conditions, modes of social communication and relations of ownership, and then he revealed the reversed value between people and objects, the duality of private property, the one sidedness and solidification of the division of labor and the falsity of human rights in the civil society based on the criticism of the civil society from humanism, dialectics, generation and value. Marx led the logical destination of his thought of community to “free and full development of human beings”, and pointed that “community of freeman” is an important carrier to realize this development of human beings in which the bondage of alien division of labor is eliminated and capitalist private ownership is replaced by social ownership.
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